Varicose veins are one of the most common diseases, as nearly 75% of people will be affected to varying degrees during their life and 25% require medical attention.

Varicose disease affects mainly but not exclusively women:In France it is estimated that 40% of women have or will experience symptoms in their relationship with venous insufficiency,20% of men.

A varicose vein is a superficial dilated enlarged and twisted tortuous vein,in which the blood circulates to counterflow,resulting a pathological movement.


What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are veins located beneath the skin which are enlarged and twisted as a result of damaged valves within them.Varicose vein doesn't exist on deep veins.

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They are different varicose veins

Any vein may become varicose, but the veins most commonly affected are those in your legs and feet. That's because standing and walking upright increases the pressure in the veins of your lower body.

Varicose veins are distinguished from reticular veins (blue veins) and telangiectasias (spider veins), which also involve valvular insufficiency, by the size and location of the veins.

Large varicose veins can be visible, bulging, palpable (can be felt by touching), long, and dilated (greater than 4 millimeters in diameter).
They grow on the trunk of the saphenous vein:Long saphenous vein(or anterior) and short saphenous vein(or posterior)and their tributaries to first and second order.

Small "spider veins" also can appear on the skin's surface. These may look like short, fine lines, "starburst" clusters, or a web-like maze. They are typically not palpable. Spider veins are most common in the thighs, ankles, and feet. They may also appear on the face. The medical term for them spider veins is telangiectasias.

Neglected for many years both by  patients and doctors, varicose veins are now better explored through the development of additional noninvasive tests.

Outside cosmetic consequences, varicose veins untreated can cause thromboembolic  complications (phlebitis) and skin conditions like dermatitis ocher, white atrophy, hypodermitis or leg ulcers.
These complications usually have a significant social and professional repercussions.
Because of best information, prevention and early treatment,  these complications have become less frequent.

Here are some information to better understand what are varicose veins, and what are their causes



Dr. Alain Azencott
23 Rue Hoche
06400 Cannes (France)
Tél. : (00 33) 04 93 99 77 77
Fax : (00 33) 04 93 68 37 37


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